The Venetian Liuteria
Venice has had a fundamental role in the history of music, in particular for the Classical and Baroque music. The Venetian Liuteria (art of realization of string instruments as violins) is another artisan excellence that has characterized the history of Venice during the centuries. From the Middle Age, the musical institutions had the task to control the access to art and music. The central unit of the violins and string workshop was in Mercerie (Rialto Area) and near the Fontego dei Tedeschi. The most important “Scuola” (institution) was in the San Zulian Church. The high demand of music by nobles, aristocratic and public institutions facilitated the promotion of trade and creation of musical strings instruments as violins and violoncellos. The music in Venice was not exclusively in the theatres but it was played also in the squares or during the great balls organized by the rich families in their palaces.
The important role of the Serenissima and some famous composers
The Serenissima was famous for its stylistic and technical innovation about musical instruments; indeed Pellegrio Michei (a Venetian artist) realized one of the first prototypes of violin, with the same shape and tuning used nowadays. Venice can boast a long list of masters of this ancient art as Matteo Goffriller, Domenico Montagnana, Santo Serafino e Francesco Gobetti: the experts consider them the most important artists of the history. In addition to pure Venetian producer, the rich families and some musical institutions hired “foreigner” masters from another north-Italy cities (Cremona or Brescia) and Germany, especially from Tirol, Bavaria and Füssen. The aim was always to innovate the musical word of the Venetian Republic. Still today, some institutions are trying to preserve the great Venetian musical culture.
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